Cats use vocal communication in conjunction with marking and visual communication to effectively convey messages.

Cat homeowners become terribly conversant in the refined, thusme|and a few} not so refined, nuances of their cat’s vocabulary. Almost every owner can identify the differences between the vocalization that says “play with me” and “you’re late with my dinner.”

A cat’s vocal repertoire is quite extensive. It ranges from soft contented murmurs and vowel patterned sounds to strained intensity sounds. There’s no such issue as a straightforward “meow.” Here are some general examples of the cat’s vocabulary.


It’s the foremost attractive and lovely sound that a cat makes. How the purr is actually produced remained a mystery for a long time. Experts had numerous theories however the foremost current data is that the purr is made by contractions of the cartilaginous structure muscles and diaphragm, which create pressure in the glottis.

Cats purr throughout each inhalation and exhalation and it’s finished a closed mouth. Studies have shown that vibrations of twenty 5 hertz applied to extremities promote wound healing, and increase bone density and muscle mass. They also help with pain relief. The cat’s purr is twenty five hertz (25 cycles per second).

Initially, the purr is made by the mother as some way to speak along with her kittens. They feel the vibrations of the purr, which helps them to locate her. The purr may additionally facilitate the queen with pain relief once birth and through nursing.

Although we have a tendency to as homeowners square measure most conversant in the purring our cats do throughout times of happiness or nursing, they also purr in a variety of other, less expected situations. Cats typically purr to self-soothe throughout times of sickness or worry. When a cat is about to death is additionally a time that purring will occur. Euphoria has been rumored by some terminally unwell human patients, therefore maybe cats could expertise this in addition.

Purring may additionally be however a cat AN attempt|tries} to appease AN opponent in a shot to thwart an attack.


A meow could be a salutation that’s sometimes directed toward humans and is usually not a cat-to-cat kind of communication. Variations on “meow” square measure wont to communicate to their homeowners. Body postures and environmental specifics should be taken into thought to see what the cat is requesting (food, attention, greeting, request to be left alone, etc.).


A cat-to-cat communication which will be used for location or identification functions.


A soft sound that a cat makes in anticipation of one thing desired that he’s on the point of receive (usually a meal or treat).


A more musical version of a chirp that is often used as a happy greeting.


The sound AN excited cat makes once recognizing prey. Owners could also be at home with this sound if they’ve ever watched their indoor cat sit at the window looking at a bird or squirrel.


A closed-mouth soft sound that is often issued as a greeting.


Sound produced by newborn kittens.


The hiss is used as a defensive warning, and is created when a burst of air is forced out through an arched tongue and an open mouth with the lips pulled back. The creator of the sound is most likely hoping the vocalization and accompanying body posture will deter potential violence. Aggression will likely follow should the danger persist.


A quick popping sound, spitting often accompanies the hiss. It’s created in reaction to being vulnerable or taken rapidly. A threateningly fast slap to the bottom with a paw typically adds to the drama of ejection.


This is one of the cat’s strained intensity sounds. A steady, low-pitched warning sound made with AN open mouth. Just as a cat tries to appear larger by piloerection of fur, the deep growl may also be an attempt to seem threatening to the enemy. Growling can be either offensive or defensive.


An intimidating expression of upper lip curling. I embody it during this section on vocal communication as a result of it’s typically amid a growl.


Most commonly related to the feminine as she cries out once sexual intercourse. The male’s phallus has little barbs on that that almost all doubtless hurt her as he withdraws. The shriek may be detected once there’s sharp pain or in terribly intense aggressive encounters.